Nursing roles in Newfoundland and Labrador include two categories of regulated nurses: Registered Nurses (RNs) and Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs). RNs are regulated by the Association of Registered Nurses of Newfoundland and Labrador (ARNNL) and LPNs are regulated by the College of Licensed Practical Nurses of Newfoundland and Labrador (CLPNNL).
The RN and LPN roles differ in terms of educational preparation, scope of practice, nursing responsibilities and degree of autonomy in practice. RNs have either a diploma or baccalaureate degree in nursing and LPNs have a practical nursing diploma. As a result of the differences in education, RNs and LPNs have different levels of autonomy in practice. RNs practice more autonomously and have a broader scope of practice than LPNs. The level of RN and LPN autonomy and the amount of consultation required are directly influenced by the client’s heath status and the environment in which care is provided.
Newfoundland and Labrador also has legislation that provides for nurse practitioner (NP) practice. NPs are registered nurses with additional education preparation who are licensed by the ARNNL. NPs independently diagnose, prescribe and treat clients within their legislated scope of practice.
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