Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easternly province in Canada with an estimated population of 500,000. Our province is made up of two separate landmasses: the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador. The island of Newfoundland is made up of 42,000 sq. miles, and the majority of the province’s population lives on the island. Labrador, the mainland portion adjacent to Quebec, is separated from Newfoundland by the narrow Labrador Strait and consists of more rural communities.
Before joining Canada in 1949 as the 10th province, Newfoundland and Labrador was Britain's oldest colony. The majority of Newfoundland's population is of English, Irish and Scottish descent, although there are some French populations. The Aboriginal Peoples are represented by a small number of Mi'kmaq (Micmac) Indians on the island, and Innu and Inuit in Labrador. The educational institutions and industry have attracted people of many nations to the province in recent years.
Newfoundland and Labrador offers everything from energetic city living to tranquil rural communities. Our province’s population generally resides along the coast due to our origins as a fishing economy. Nowadays, our towns and cities are becoming as diverse as our population. Regardless of where you chose to settle here you’ll find some things remain consistent – friendly neighbours, clean air and water, safe communities, and people focussed on creating a good work-life balance.
The Capital of our province is St. John's with a population of 183,000 including the metro area. There are several communities with populations in the 10,000 to 20,000 range including Corner Brook, Grand Falls-Windsor, Gander, Clarenville and Mount Pearl, which tend to act as service hubs for the numerous small communities, known as "outports," around the coast. All Newfoundland communities are linked by a very good system of roads.