Canada's national health insurance program, often referred to as "Medicare", is designed to ensure that all residents have reasonable access to medically necessary hospital and physician services, on a prepaid basis. Respective provincial and territorial governments are responsible for the management, organization and delivery of health services for their residents.
The Health Care System in Newfoundland and Labrador is delivered through four Regional Health Authorities (RHAs). The provincial Department of Health provides both hospital and community services through these RHAs that cover the Eastern, Central, Western and Labrador/Grenfell geographic areas. Each Health Authority delivers programs and services that may include: Health Promotion, Disease Prevention, Child, Youth and Family Services and Community Corrections, Family and Rehabilitative Services, Addictions, Mental Health and Continuing Care.
There are also a number of agencies directly accountable to the Department of Health including the Memorial University Medical School, and the Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Health Information. The structure also allows the development of non-profit programs that evolve through special interest groups and concerned citizens.
“Within the NL government structure, the Medical Services Division of the Department of Health and Community services is responsible for the provision of medical, pharmaceutical and dental services.”