Newfoundland and Labrador is a province at the most easterly part of Canada, made up of two separate landmasses, with an approximate population of 500,000. The island of Newfoundland is made up of 42,000 sq. miles, and the majority of the province’s population lives on the island. Labrador, the mainland portion adjacent to Quebec, is separated from Newfoundland by the narrow Labrador Strait and is sparsely populated.
Before joining Canada in 1949 as the 10th province, Newfoundland & Labrador was Britain's oldest colony. The majority of Newfoundland's population is of English, Irish and Scottish descent, and there is evidence of some French in the names of many of our communities. The Aboriginal Peoples are represented by a small number of Mi'kmaq (Micmac) Indians on the island and the Innu and Inuit in Labrador. The educational institutions and industry have attracted people of many nations to the province in recent years.