Fogo Island is located in Notre Dame Bay, approximately 12 miles off the northeast coast of Newfoundlan. It is the largest of the offshore islands that dot the coast of Newfoundland.


Fogo Island was used as a summer home by Beothuck Indians long before Europeans entered local waters. Evidence of Beothuck habitation has been found at various locations on Fogo Island, including in and around the Town of Fogo. Local evidence has also been unearthed that Fogo Island was once used by the Maritime Archaic Indians. In their quest for new and abundant sources of cod, the Portuguese were navigating local waters in the 1500’s. The famous French explorer, Jacques Cartier, also dropped anchor in Fogo Harbour in 1534 on one of his voyages.

Unique Characteristics

If you’re searching the four corners of the earth, you won’t miss Fogo Island. Its Brimstone Head was once thought to be one of the four corners of the earth. Another awesome feature of Fogo is its visiting icebergs. Fogo Island is one of the stops along iceberg alley, and every year visitors can feel the breeze from the prehistoric mammoth bergs. Fogo Island is an outport Newfoundland fishing community that has been a tourist attraction for years. It started in the 1600’s as a seasonal fishing grounds for English, Irish and a scattered Scot. When colonization started cultures from around the globe came to fish off ’Newfoundland’ for its bounty. Fogo Island was orginally covered with trees, until the fires started. Both the boethuk peoples and the passing Spanish sailors called it Island of fire. The name ’fogo’ comes from the Spanish word meaning ’fire’. Now Fogo Island is a hot tourist spot, one of the few remaining places that mantained their ancestral heritage. People come from all over the world to gaze upon its wonders. 


The population of Fogo in 2006 was 748.

Other Things of Interest

The Town of Fogo is a unique community that is rich in history and full of tradition with a warm and hospitable atmosphere. Fogo demonstrates the essence of the people, and culture of traditional outport Newfoundland.